عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Multinational enterprises group insolvency is the obvious sample of cross-border insolvency. One of the most important questions in the cross-border insolvency discussion is how to determine the competent court and applicable law. To answer this question, three approaches (universalism, territorialism and contractualism) are brought forth to discussion. However the criteria presenting by these approaches, aren’t in accord with the insolvency state of multinational enterprises group. The diversified and complicated structure of multinational enterprises on the one hand, and their activities in different venues with different legal systems on the other hand, make doubts about determining the appropriate legal system applicable on their activity, especially on their state of Insolvency.
This article attempts to deal with the criteria of these three above mentioned approaches and determine the appropriate legal system which is in accord with the diversified structure of multinational enterprise group. According to the ninth section of Trade Law Bill concerning the International Insolvency, the approach of Iran legislator will be analyzed in this respect.